A proper balance of certain chemicals, gases, and other substances is critical for erectile health.
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This problem affects men of all ages, but as men get older, there is a greater chance of developing erection problems. Population studies show that nearly 20% of men over age 20 and about 50% of men over the age of 50 have ED. The primary cause of ED is poor circulation to the penis. Just as poor circulation to the heart may result in a heart attack, so too in ED, the penis often suffers from lack of adequate circulation which results in poor erections. Age High Blood Pressure Diabetes Smoking High cholesterol Cardiovascular disease such as previous heart attacks or strokes
Erectile Dysfunction (ED), also known as impotence, is a type of male sexual dysfunction characterized by the inability to maintain an erection long enough and firm enough for sexual intercourse.
The ability to achieve and sustain erections requires the following:A healthy nervous system that conducts nerve impulses from the brain, spinal column, and the penisHealthy arteries in and near the corpora cavernosa of the penis so that when stimulated there is an increase in blood flow to the penisHealthy smooth muscle and fibrous tissue within the corpora cavernosa so that it can fill with bloodAn adequate amount of nitric oxide (NO) in the penis to help with the stimulation of blood flow into the penisNormal functioning of the tunica albuginea, the layer of tissue surrounding the corpora cavernosa and responsible for the compression of the veins to keep blood in the penisAppropriate psychosocial interactions to enhance sexual stimulation/arousal and decrease anxiety/stress
Exercise that results in losing weight, particularly around the waistline, can cut a man’s risk of ED. A man with a 32-inch waistline has only half the likelihood of erectile dysfunction as a man with a 42-inch waistline. Losing excess weight is one of many factors that can affect penile dysfunction.
Your doctor might prescribe testosterone if your levels of this hormone are low. It won't help if circulation or nerve problems cause your ED.
The conclusion builds upon trials of moderate to high intensity exercise. Moderate intensity is the equivalent of a brisk walk. High intensity exercise is indicated by sweating and shortness of breath and could be anything from cycling to work, cross country skiing, or any other activity you enjoy.
Approximately 15% of persons taking Viagra experience side effects. The most common side effects are: facial flushing (1 in 10), headaches (1 in 6), stomach pain, nasal congestion, nausea, dizziness, rash, urinary tract infections (UTIs) diarrhea, and an inability to differentiate between the colors green and blue. The usual recommended dose is 25 to 100 mg 1 hour before sexual activity. The maximum dose is 100 mg daily. The elderly (over 65 years of age) should start at 25 mg before sexual activity. Sildenafil is rapidly absorbed. Maximum observed plasma concentrations are reached within 30 to 120 minutes (median 60 minutes) of oral dosing in the fasted state. When sildenafil is taken with a high fat meal, the rate of absorption is reduced, with an average delay in the time to maximal concentration of 1 hour. Viagra increases the effects of the blood pressure lowering medications. It also increases the blood pressure lowering effects of nitrates, for example, isosorbide dinitrate (Isordil), isosorbide mononitrate (Imdur, Ismo, Monoket), nitroglycerin (Nitro-Dur, Transderm-Nitro) that are used primarily for treating angina. Patients taking nitrates should not receive Viagra.
Dynamic infusion cavernosometry and cavernosography (DICC)Intracavernous injection pharmacotesting (ICI)Color duplex ultrasoundNocturnal penile tumescence and rigidity (NPTR)Bulbocavernosus reflex latencyMeasurement of calculated bioavailable testosterone (free testosterone and albumin-bound testosterone)Psychologic evaluation and possible interview with partner
The urology specialists at University Hospitals understand the sensitive nature of your concerns. We provide empathetic and professional care, along with erectile dysfunction treatment options that can restore function and ease anxiety. Please contact us to schedule an appointment at 1-866-844-2273.
Professor of Urology and Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Frank Hinman, Jr. MD Endowed Professor in Urologic Education, Associate Chair for Education and Residency Program Director, Chief of Urology, Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital and Trauma Center, Chief of Genitourinary Reconstructive Surgery at UCSF Health, Program Director, Genitourinary Reconstructive Surgery Fellowship
InexpensiveFrequent side effects (40%) include headache, indigestion, facial flushing, nasal stuffiness, and rarely visual changes (temporary blue tint)
“For men who have failing erections, the penis is a barometer of what’s happening in the rest of the body,” explains urologist Wayne Hellstrom, MD, professor of urology at the Tulane University School of Medicine in New Orleans.
Appropriate treatment options should be applied in a step-wise fashion, balancing invasiveness and risk versus efficacy. If possible, the partner should be involved in the decision-making. The decision depends on the patient preferences and expectations as well as the experience and judgment of the physician. Oral phosphodiesterase type-5 inhibitors are first line therapy.
Men with a rare heart condition known as long QT syndrome should not take vardenafil since this may lead to abnormal heart rhythms. The QT interval is the time it takes for the heart's muscle to recover after it has contracted and is measured on an electrocardiogram (EKG). In addition, vardenafil is not recommended for men taking medications that can affect the QT interval such as quinidine, procainamide, amiodarone, and sotalol.
FatigueFrequent urinationExcess thirstBlurry or cloudy visionWounds that won't healTingling or numbness in the feetErectile dysfunction (ED)Dark skin under the armpits and around the groin SLIDESHOW Type 2 Diabetes: Signs, Symptoms, Treatments See Slideshow